Reading: Paris Saint-Germain F.C.
Paris Saint-Germain Football Club ( french pronunciation : [ paʁi sɛ̃ ʒɛʁmɛ̃ ] ), normally referred to as Paris Saint-Germain, PSG, Paris or Paris SG, is a professional football club based in Paris, France. They compete in Ligue 1, the top division of french football. France ‘s most successful club, they have won over 40 official honours, including nine league titles and one major european trophy. Their home plate flat coat is the Parc des Princes. PSG were founded in 1970, following the amalgamation of Paris FC and Stade Saint-Germain. The club was split into two in 1972, with PSG being relegated to the Division 3, before returning to the Division 1 in 1974. The Parisians won their first major honor, the french Cup, in 1982 and their beginning Division 1 style in 1986. The 1990s was among the most successful periods in PSG ‘s history ; they claimed a second league title, three french Cups, two French League Cups, two french Super Cups and the UEFA Cup Winners ‘ Cup in 1996. After suffering a decline in fortunes during the 2000s, the Red and Blues have enjoyed a revival since 2011 with increased fiscal back, achieving alone dominance in domestic competitions, winning seven league titles and twenty dollar bill home cups and became the only beginning french men ‘s team to win the domestic triple and the domestic quadruple on multiple occasions. PSG have besides become a regular feature in the UEFA Champions League, reaching their first gear final in 2020. Paris SG have the most back-to-back seasons playing in France ‘s top trajectory and are one of two french clubs to have won a major european claim. They are the most popular football club in France and one of the most widely supported teams in the worldly concern. PSG ‘s home kit colours are crimson, blasphemous, and white, and their crown features the Eiffel Tower and a fleur-de-lis. PSG have a longstanding competition with Olympique de Marseille ; the duet contest French football ‘s most ill-famed peer, Le Classique. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, owns PSG through closed shareholders Qatar Sports Investments ( QSI ), which purchased the cabaret in 2011. The coup d’etat made PSG the richest club in France and one of the wealthiest in the earth. As of the 2019–20 season, PSG have the seventh-highest tax income in the footballing global with an annual tax income of €541m according to Deloitte, and are the earth ‘s ninth-most valuable football club, worth $ 2.5bn according to Forbes .
creation and separate ( 1970–1974 )
In the summer of 1970, an ambitious group of businessmen decided to create a major team in the french capital. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Guy Crescent and Pierre-Étienne Guyot chose to merge their newly formed side, Paris Football Club, with Stade Saint-Germain of Henri Patrelle after the team from Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 15km west of Paris, were promoted to Ligue 2. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Real Madrid played a large character in the initiation of Paris Saint-Germain. [ 4 ] The three men were stuck with the fiscal feasibility of the visualize until they met Real ‘s president Santiago Bernabéu. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] Bernabéu told them that starting a crowdfunding crusade was the best solution to establish a new team. [ 4 ] After a request was signed by 20,000 people, Paris Saint-Germain Football Club were formally formed on 12 August 1970. [ 1 ] [ 6 ] For the first time in french football history, the fans had financially contributed in the make of a football clubhouse. [ 4 ] The new capital club built a substantial fanbase thanks to the fusion and benefited enormously from an improved team. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] Led by Jean Djorkaeff, the clubhouse ‘s first star, PSG won promotion to Division 1 and claimed the 1970–71 french Division 2 title in its first gear season. [ 2 ] [ 9 ] Following a finespun fiscal situation, the Paris City Council offered to pay the cabaret ‘s debt and in return demanded them to adopt the more parisian name of “ Paris Football Club. ” [ 2 ] After PSG president Henri Patrelle refused the name change and fiscal support was withdrawn, the clubhouse rip in 1972. [ 2 ] [ 8 ] Paris FC remained in the top tier, while PSG were administratively relegated to Division 3. [ 2 ] [ 10 ]
beginning major honours and decline ( 1974–1991 )
PSG took flight when fashion architect Daniel Hechter took over. [ 1 ] curtly before the get down of the 1973–74 campaign, he replaced Henri Patrelle as president of the united states and named Francis Borelli as vice-president. [ 5 ] [ 11 ] Besides offering his fiscal support to the club, Hechter besides designed PSG ‘s classic home equip. [ 5 ] [ 12 ] Following back-to-back promotions, under french legend Just Fontaine, Paris Saint-Germain promptly returned to the premier division in 1974, ironically at the lapp time as Paris FC slipped into the division below, and moved into the Parc des Princes, which up until that point had been the dwelling stadium of PFC. [ 2 ] [ 13 ] Since then, PSG have never abandoned the exceed fledge of french football nor the Parc. [ 14 ] Before that, PSG had been playing at respective grounds including the Stade Municipal Georges Lefèvre, the Stade Jean-Bouin, the Stade Bauer, and even the Parc des Princes a few times that season despite the reluctance of PFC. [ 3 ] [ 15 ] Chaired by Daniel Hechter, the Parisians failed to win any silverware in the 1970s but began their custom of brilliant Coupe de France runs, established themselves as a top-half team in Division 1 and attracted several prestigious players, including Jean-Pierre Dogliani, Mustapha Dahleb and Carlos Bianchi. [ 2 ] [ 8 ] After Hechter was banned for life from football by the french Football Federation in January 1978, for running a corruption scheme involving slate sales at Parc des Princes, Francis Borelli, who had been vice-president until then, became the raw emboss of the Île-de-France club. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 5 ] The club ‘s trophy cabinet welcomed its beginning major silverware with the avail of star topology signings Joël Bats, Dominique Bathenay, Safet Sušić and Dominique Rocheteau, aboard PSG Academy graduate Luis Fernandez, who steered the capital side to two back-to-back french Cup titles in 1982 and 1983. [ 1 ] [ 16 ] [ 1 ] [ 2 ] These successes opened Paris the doors to Europe, [ 9 ] including their impressive continental debut in the 1982–83 european Cup Winners ‘ Cup, [ 17 ] which saw them reach the quarter-finals of the tournament. [ 17 ] PSG won its inaugural league championship in 1986. Led by Sušić Joël Bats, Luis Fernández and Dominique Rocheteau, the Red and Blues dominated the championship from start to finish, going a memorable 26 matches without defeat towards the style. [ 2 ] [ 18 ] The follow-up to the league entitle was not as glorious though. [ 18 ] PSG finished one-seventh in the 1986–87 french Division 1 and their first UEFA Champions League appearance that season was a complete bankruptcy. They were knocked out by minnows Vítkovice in the beginning round of the 1986–87 european Cup. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] The following year, PSG avoided relegation on the final examination match of the 1987–88 season after a 4–1 succeed over Lens at the Parc des Princes. [ 8 ] [ 18 ] Highly indebted, the baseball club briefly bounced spinal column, fighting for the 1988–89 league crown with Marseille, before going into refuse. [ 18 ] [ 20 ]
Canal+ takeover and gold era ( 1991–1998 )
The takeover by television receiver giants Canal+ in 1991 revitalized Paris Saint-Germain as they became one of the richest clubs in France. [ 1 ] [ 5 ] Canal+ wiped out PSG ‘s huge debt and appointed Michel Denisot, diarist on the distribution channel, as club president of the united states in place of Francis Borelli. [ 5 ] [ 21 ] now enjoying unplayful investment, the Red and Blues were able to set their sights steadily higher : they had to qualify for european competitions in their beginning season and become french champions within three years. [ 2 ] [ 21 ] In consequence, Canal+ increased the golf club ‘s budget from 90 to 120 million francs in order to build a solid police squad for the 1991–92 temper. [ 2 ] [ 21 ] The revolution began with the date of celebrated coach Artur Jorge, celebrated for leading Porto to the 1986–87 european Cup trophy. The cabaret then embarked on a outgo spree, signing brazilian stars Ricardo and Valdo ampere well as prove french players Paul Le Guen, Laurent Fournier, Patrick Colleter and prolific liberian striker George Weah. [ 21 ] The 1992–93 temper besides marked the beginning of Le Classique, the competition between Paris Saint-Germain and Olympique de Marseille, as both teams battled each early on the field for the 1992–93 french Division 1 crown. [ 21 ] PSG finished runner-up after losing both games against Marseille. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] In the second match between the two clubs, entirely three days after winning the 1992–93 UEFA Champions League, league leaders Marseille welcomed closest challengers PSG in a catch that would determine the deed. [ 23 ] After Marseille won their fifth consecutive championship, Bernard Tapie and Marseille were found guilty of match-fixing in what became known as the french football bribery scandal. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] The french Football Federation stripped Marseille of their entitle and offered it to second-placed PSG, who refused it because club owners Canal+ thought that claiming the trophy would anger their subscribers back in Marseille. [ 23 ] [ 26 ] As a result, the 1992–93 claim remained unattributed, with Canal+ even refused letting the capital club enter in future class ‘s Champions League after UEFA excluded Marseille from the competition. rather, Monaco, who finish up third in Ligue 1 took the Champions League blemish rather. [ 26 ] Considered the golf club ‘s aureate era, the Parisians won nine trophies and reached five straight european semi-finals during the 1990s, including their first UEFA Champions League last-four appearance and two at the like stagecoach of the UEFA Cup. [ 2 ] [ 9 ] [ 21 ] PSG ‘s crowning glory came in the 1996 UEFA Cup Winners ‘ Cup Final with caption Luis Fernandez now as coach. [ 27 ] Bruno Ngotty scored the only goal of the pit to defeat Rapid Wien and make Paris the second french club to always clinch a major european tournament and the youngest baseball club in history to win a european title at 24 years of being. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] The postdate temper, PSG finished runner-up in the 1996 UEFA Super Cup and 1997 UEFA Cup Winners ‘ Cup Final. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] On the domestic view, results were equitable as hearty, with Paris celebrating a second league title, three french Cups, two French League Cups and just ampere many french Super Cup wins. [ 2 ] [ 9 ] [ 21 ]
Crisis modality and relegation battles ( 1998–2011 )
PSG then went into descent following years of mismanagement. [ 9 ] In the summer 1999, PSG spent heavily on fresh players signing Nicolas Anelka, Peter Luccin and Stéphane Dalmat as part of the “ PSG Banlieue ” project of its stockholder Canal+, with the goal of winning Ligue 1 and performing a hearty UEFA Champions League campaign. [ 9 ] In 2002, the club faced a massive fiscal loss with a deficit of €65 million, leading Canal+ to fire Luis Fernandez as coach and Laurent Perpère as president of the united states and replacing them with Vahid Halilhodžić, who became the new bus and Francis Graille the new president of the united states. [ 9 ] The club ‘s form dwindled as they slipped far down the table and finally, a separate from owners Canal+ became inevitable. [ 9 ] At the startle of the twenty-first century, PSG struggled to rescale the heights despite the charming of Ronaldinho and the goals of Pauleta. [ 1 ] Five more trophies arrived in the shape of three french Cups ( including one against Le Classique arch-rivals Marseille in 2006 ), one French League Cup and one UEFA Intertoto Cup, but the clubhouse became better known for lurching from one high-profile crisis to another. [ 9 ] [ 32 ] [ 33 ] Following years of mismanagement, the club ‘s form dwindled as they slipped far down the table and a split from Canal+ became inevitable. [ 2 ] [ 9 ] The french premium television receiver channel sold the clubhouse to Colony Capital in 2006. The site, however, only got worse and PSG spent the 2006–07 and 2007–08 campaigns staving off relegations. [ 2 ] [ 9 ] The latter was the most dramatic. Marred by poor people results and sports fan violence, Paris avoided the drop on the final match after a 2–1 winnings at Sochaux. The hero was Ivorian striker Amara Diané who scored both goals that night. Despite not enjoying the star condition of early current or past PSG greats, Diané is silent considered a legend by most parisian fans. [ 4 ]
QSI ownership and domestic hegemony ( 2011–present )
After two years of solid advance and stability under the stewardship of coach Antoine Kombouaré and president Robin Leproux, the fortunes of Paris Saint-Germain changed dramatically when Qatar Sports Investments ( QSI ) purchased the baseball club in 2011. [ 9 ] The coup d’etat made PSG not lone the richest clubhouse in France but one of the wealthiest in the populace. [ 34 ] Club president Nasser Al-Khelaifi pledged to form a team adequate to of winning the UEFA Champions League and making the cabaret France ‘s biggest name. [ 9 ] [ 35 ]
Club legend Leonardo was brought back in a clean conductor capacitance and oversaw a spend spree in summer 2011 that has so far been unprecedented in Ligue 1 history, including the signings of Blaise Matuidi, Salvatore Sirigu, Maxwell, Kevin Gameiro and Javier Pastore. [ 9 ] As a resultant role, the Parisians have dominated french football, despite finishing behind Montpellier in 2011–12, the elusive league crown was last brought back to Paris in 2012–13 driven by star player Zlatan Ibrahimović, team master Thiago Silva and celebrated director Carlo Ancelotti. [ 9 ] [ 36 ] During the season, ahead of the winter transfer deadline it was announced that David Beckham signed a five-month deal with the club. [ 37 ] [ 38 ] Zlatan ‘s 30-goal haul about single-handed led the capital side to its first gear Ligue 1 deed in 19 years, and one-third overall. They besides became a regular in the knockout stages of the Champions League, [ 39 ] being eliminated from the UEFA Champions League on aside goals by Barcelona in the quarter-finals after drawing both games. [ 36 ] Big money signings continued with the arrivals of Edinson Cavani in 2013 for a league read of €64 million, [ 40 ] making it the one-sixth largest transfer in history and David Luiz in 2014 for a £50 million transportation fee, a world-record transfer for a defender. [ 41 ] [ 42 ] Despite the deviation of Carlo Ancelotti, PSG kept its winning ways under Laurent Blanc. The club secured a maid domestic treble ( Ligue 1, Coupe de la Ligue and Trophée des Champions ) in the 2013–14 season, before claiming an unprecedented national quadruple ( Ligue 1, Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue and Trophée des Champions ) twice in a row in 2014–15 and 2015–16, winning the latter with a record-breaking 96 points, becoming the only inaugural french men ‘s team to achieve that feat. [ 43 ] [ 44 ] clean from three straight UEFA Europa League titles with Sevilla, Unai Emery was hired by PSG for his european pedigree. [ 35 ] But with star player Zlatan Ibrahimović gone, the cabaret endured a disappoint 2016–17 season. [ 45 ] [ 46 ] Paris were pipped to the Ligue 1 style by Monaco, missing out on top spot for the foremost meter in five years. meanwhile, in the UEFA Champions League, the club suffered respective disappoint nights, [ 39 ] including arguably the club ‘s most painful continental frustration in the ill-famed and controversial “ La Remontada ” ( “ The Comeback ” ) against Barcelona, losing 6–1 in the irregular peg of the orotund of sixteen, despite winning the foremost leg in France by a score of 4–0. [ 47 ]
Neymar during his presentation in 2017, after becoming the most expensive player ever. In response, PSG signed Neymar Jr. for a world-record fee of €222 million, making him the most expensive musician ever and french prodigy Kylian Mbappé on an initial loan, which was made permanent in 2018 in a transfer worth €180 million plus lend ons, making him both the second- most expensive actor and most expensive adolescent, assembling a awful assail trio alongside Edinson Cavani. [ 48 ] The capital club reclaimed the Ligue 1 title and besides won the Trophée des Champions, the Coupe de la Ligue and the Coupe de France, clinching the domestic quadruple for the third time in four seasons. [ 49 ] Despite their massive consumption, in the Champions League, PSG lost to Real Madrid in the round of 16, leading director Unai Emery to leave the club at the end of the season. [ 50 ]
In May 2018, Thomas Tuchel signed a biennial contract with PSG, replacing Unai Emery. [ 51 ] Paris Saint-Germain again fell in the Champions League round of 16 in 2018–19, suffering a shock 3–1 defeat at home to Manchester United after winning the first leg 2–0 at Old Trafford. [ 52 ] This season, they besides won the Ligue 1 for the 8th time in their history, but lost in the Coupe de France concluding against Rennes. [ 53 ] [ 54 ] PSG were eliminated from the Coupe de la Ligue in embarrassing fashion, as they lost 2–1 at home to Guingamp in the quarterfinals. [ 55 ] [ 56 ] In 2019–20, PSG won the Ligue 1 for the 9th time in their history, despite the season ending prematurely due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and besides reclaimed the Coupe de France defeating Saint-Étienne in the final and won the last-ever Coupe de la Ligue defeating Lyon in a punishment gunfight. [ 57 ] In the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League, PSG reached the semi-finals for the second time since 1995, after a last moment 2–1 acquire over Atalanta, [ 58 ] before losing to Bayern Munich 1–0 in the finals in Lisbon, with former PSG musician Kingsley Coman scoring the winning finish. [ 59 ] Tuchel ‘s tenure at Paris Saint-Germain was marred by a fracture relationship with the club ‘s hierarchy, leading him to be dismissed on 24 December, despite placing top of their Champions League group. [ 60 ] On 2 January 2021, former PSG player Mauricio Pochettino was appointed as the fresh head coach. [ 61 ] [ 62 ] PSG ‘s good form in the Champions League continued in 2021 with a second straight UCL semi-final appearance, a first for the club. [ 63 ] In France, PSG won the Coupe de France, but failed to retain the Ligue 1 deed, finishing behind Lille, losing the league for the moment time in four years. [ 64 ] In July, PSG completed one of the most historic transfer windows in football history, exercising the choice to buy on Danilo Pereira and signing Achraf Hakimi from Inter Milan for a report fee of €60 million, Georginio Wijnaldum, Legendary Real Madrid captain Sergio Ramos and Euro 2020 ‘s player of the tournament Gianluigi Donnarumma on free transfers. [ 65 ] [ 66 ] [ 67 ] PSG ‘s concluded their transportation window with the sign of one of the greatest players of all time and record Ballon d’Or winner Lionel Messi, who by chance left Barcelona, following the exhalation of his narrow and promising defender Nuno Mendes on a season-long lend with an option to buy. [ 68 ] [ 69 ]
Colours and mascot
Germain the Lynx, PSG ‘s mascot. Since their foundation, Paris Saint-Germain have represented both the city of Paris and the nearby royal town of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. [ 9 ] As a result, red, blue and white are the club ‘s traditional color. [ 70 ] The crimson and blue are parisian colours, a nod to revolutionary figures Lafayette and Jean Sylvain Bailly, and the blank is a symbol of French royalty and Saint-Germain-en-Laye. [ 70 ] [ 71 ] On the club ‘s crest, the Eiffel Tower in bolshevik and the blasphemous backdrop represent Paris, while the fleur de lys in white is a hint to the coating of arms of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. [ 71 ] [ 70 ] The fleur de lys is a imperial symbol as well and recalls that french King Louis XIV was born in the town. [ 70 ] Throughout its history, PSG have brandished respective crests, but all of them have featured the club ‘s three historic colours. [ 72 ] besides, PSG ‘s most iconic shirts have been predominantly bolshevik, blue or white, with the remaining two colours included adenine well. The club ‘s official mascot, Germain the Lynx, besides sports PSG ‘s traditional colors. [ 71 ] It was unveiled during the 2010 Tournoi de Paris in memorial of the club ‘s fortieth anniversary, and can be seen entertaining kids in the stands of the Parc des Princes or near the lurch with the players during the warm-up. [ 74 ]
Anthems and mottos
“ Allez Paris !, ” recorded by belgian actress and singer Annie Cordy in 1971, was the clubhouse ‘s first official anthem. A PSG fan from the start, she was part of an association of hundreds of celebrities who contributed to the golf club ‘s foundation in 1970. [ 75 ] [ 76 ] The golf club ‘s second base anthem, “ Allez Paris-Saint-Germain ! ” by Les Parisiens, was recorded in 1977, replacing Cordy ‘s version. An enterprise of historic PSG drawing card and music manufacturer Charles Talar, he produced and released it under his homonym criminal record tag. [ 77 ] [ 78 ] [ 79 ] The birdcall ‘s chorus became a democratic chant among PSG supporters during games. [ 80 ] A new translation, besides called “ Allez Paris-Saint-Germain !, ” was recorded in 2010 as part of the club ‘s fortieth anniversary celebrations. Sung to the tune of “ Go West “ by Village People, the lyrics were rewritten with suggestions made by fans. This is the baseball club ‘s current official hymn. [ 71 ] [ 74 ] [ 78 ] “ Ô Ville Lumière ” ( “ Oh City of Light ” ), to the tune of “ Flower of Scotland, ” is another authentic club anthem for PSG supporters. [ 81 ] [ 82 ] other noteworthy chants from supporters ‘ groups in the Boulogne and Auteuil stands include “ Le Parc est à mind ” ( “ The Parc is ours ” ), “ Paris est magique ! ” ( “ Paris is charming ! ” ) and “ Ici, c’est Paris ! ” ( “ This is Paris ! “ ). [ 71 ] [ 83 ] Both stands began exchanging these chants during PSG matches in the 1990s. [ 80 ] [ 84 ] [ 85 ] “ Paris est magique ! ” and “ Ici c’est Paris ! ” are besides the club ‘s most iconic motto or slogans. [ 71 ] [ 86 ] [ 87 ] “ Who Said I Would “ by Phill Collins is besides a traditional hymn for the fans. The song has accompanied the players ‘ entrance into the field since 1992. [ 88 ]
During their beginning three seasons of being, the base shirt of Paris Saint-Germain was red with blasphemous and white details in its sleeves and neck to bring together the three colours of the club : the loss and blue of Paris, and the white of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. [ 89 ] [ 90 ] During the 2010–11 season, PSG wore a bolshevik shirt during home plate matches to commemorate their fortieth anniversary. [ 91 ] The connection between Paris Saint-Germain and the city ‘s fashion houses is a longstanding one. french manner designer Daniel Hechter became PSG president in 1973 and designed the club ‘s traditional home look that lapp year : a aristocratic shirt with a bolshevik vertical chevron flanked by two thinner whiten stripes ( blue-white-red-white-blue ). [ 89 ] [ 92 ] First wear in the 1973–74 season, the alleged “ Hechter shirt ” has remained the classic home identity of PSG ever since. [ 93 ] [ 94 ] [ 95 ]
The three most iconic shirts of Paris Saint-Germain. The celebrated jersey made its debut during a home Ligue 2 game against Red Star on November 10, 1973. [ 96 ] This was besides the club ‘s maid match at the Parc des Princes. PSG won 3–1 as Othniel Dossevi scored the clubhouse ‘s first goal at the stadium equally well as the first with the Hechter shirt. [ 97 ] PSG stars from the 1990s and 2000s like Raí, Ronaldinho and Pauleta are associated with this kit. While wearing it, the capital baseball club reached five european semi-finals in a rowing between 1993 and 1997, claimed the 1995–96 UEFA Cup Winners ‘ Cup and achieved eight back-to-back wins against Le Classique arch-rivals Olympique de Marseille between 2002 and 2004. [ 98 ] The general impression is that Hechter based his universe on the red-and-white jersey worn by Ajax, the dominant allele team in Europe at the clock time, but with the french flag in mind. [ 89 ] [ 92 ] [ 12 ] Hechter himself has denied this, though, alternatively claiming he was inspired by the Ford Mustang. He transposed the car ‘s hood stripes on the shirt and employed the three colours of the club. [ 89 ] The Hechter shirt has two alternate versions : the “ reversed Hechter ” ( red-white-blue-white-red ), introduced in the 1974–75 season, and the “ egg white Hechter ” ( white-blue-red-blue-white ), which premiered in the 1994–95 season. [ 89 ] [ 95 ] [ 99 ]
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It was with the club ‘s most iconic away equip, though, that fans saw the first big PSG team which won their maid Coupe de France titles in 1982 and 1983, experienced their first european campaign in 1983 and claimed their inaugural league pate in 1986. The shirt was white with gloomy and red vertical stripes on the left. [ 93 ] Like the Hechter jersey, it debuted in the 1973–74 temper as the aside kit. [ 89 ] Promoted by PSG president Francis Borelli, the white shirt was the club ‘s home identity from 1981 to 1990. [ 93 ] now known as the “ Borelli shirt, ” it is synonym with PSG legends from the 1980s like Safet Sušić, Luis Fernández and Dominique Bathenay. [ 94 ] [ 100 ]
PSG logo between 1992 and 1996. The first crown of Paris Saint-Germain was basically the same as the master Paris FC ( PFC ) logo. Having to merge and give parturition to the golf club using Stade Saint-Germain ‘s stadium, the PFC crest kept its original design but the name below it changed from “ Paris FC ” to “ Paris Saint-Germain Football Club. ” This badge consisted of a amobarbital sodium football with a crimson vessel inside it. The latter is a historic symbol of Paris and is portray in the city ‘s coat of arms. The appoint of the clubhouse was written below in bolshevik. PSG, however, split from PFC in 1972 and frankincense needed a newly crest. [ 101 ] Representing both Paris and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the golf club ‘s second crest became the basis of the one the fans know today. The round logo featured the Eiffel Tower in red against a blue background with two Saint-Germain symbols in white between its legs : a fleur de lys and Louis XIV ‘s cradle. [ 101 ] This crest was created by Christian Lentretien, former PSG board member and publicist by profession, in 1972. [ 102 ] It was first used until 1982. [ 101 ] The Parc des Princes, the clubhouse ‘s home stadium, was added below the peak in 1982 and lasted until 1990. Following a brief return of the traditional crown between 1990 and 1992, former owners Canal+ radically changed it in 1992. The new model had the acronym “ PSG ” in white against a blue-white-red-white-blue setting ( like the color model of the Hechter shirt ) with “ Paris Saint-Germain ” underneath in white against a black background. [ 101 ] Under coerce from supporters, the traditional crest returned in 1995 with “ Paris Saint-Germain ” above the column and “ 1970 ” below the birthplace. This logo went through a slight face lift in 2002. At the request of the golf club ‘s Qatari owners, the traditional crown undergo a major makeover in 2013. [ 101 ] “ Paris ” is now written in bad white bluff letters above a big Eiffel Tower, distinctly putting forward the brand “ Paris ” alternatively of “ Paris Saint-Germain. ” Underneath it, “ Saint-Germain ” is written in smaller letters below the fleur de lys. [ 86 ] [ 103 ] In contrast, the cradle and the baseball club ‘s establish year “ 1970 ” were left out. [ 103 ] PSG deputy general coach Jean-Claude Blanc said : “ We are called Paris Saint-Germain but, above all, we are called Paris. ” [ 86 ]
Paris Saint-Germain used to host two very celebrated invitational competitions : the Tournoi de Paris and the Tournoi Indoor de Paris-Bercy. [ 104 ] [ 105 ] Regarded as French football ‘s most esteemed friendly tournament, the Tournoi de Paris is considered a precursor of both the Intercontinental Cup and the FIFA Club World Cup. [ 104 ] [ 106 ] PSG began hosting it in 1975 and were crowned champions a record seven times. [ 104 ] Held at the Parc des Princes, the Tournoi de Paris was last organized in 2012. [ 104 ] [ 107 ] The Tournoi Indoor de Paris-Bercy was an indoor football tournament founded by PSG in 1984 and held per annum until 1991 at the AccorHotels Arena in the 12th arrondissement of Paris. Played indoors on a synthetic battlefield and featuring seven-a-side teams, the rival featured hosts PSG and five more clubs. The Parisians lifted the trophy on two occasions, more than any other cabaret. [ 105 ]
Paris Saint-Germain played their first gear game at their current family stadium, the 47,929-seater Parc des Princes, against Ligue 2 promotion rivals Red Star on November 10, 1973. [ 97 ] [ 108 ] It was the curtain-raiser for that temper ‘s opening Ligue 1 match between Paris FC ( PFC ) and Sochaux. [ 97 ] PSG moved into the ground upon its recurrence to Ligue 1 in 1974, ironically the like year that PFC were relegated. Up until that point it had been the home venue of PFC. [ 2 ] [ 13 ] During their early years, PSG played at respective grounds including the main stadium of the Stade Municipal Georges Lefèvre sports building complex, the Stade Jean-Bouin, the Stade de Paris and even the Parc des Princes a few times despite the reluctance of PFC. [ 109 ] [ 110 ] Ever since PSG moved to the Parc, the Stade Georges Lefèvre ‘s artificial turf and supergrass football pitches have hosted train sessions and home matches for the club ‘s academy sides. [ 110 ] [ 111 ] The complex is located in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, barely across the street from the Camp des Loges, the clubhouse ‘s train center. [ 111 ]
Located in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the Camp des Loges has been the club ‘s aim earth since 1970. [ 112 ] The current Camp delaware Loges, built on the same locate as the old one, was inaugurated in November 2008. [ 113 ] It was then renamed Ooredoo Training Centre in September 2013 as character of a sponsorship deal with Ooredoo. [ 114 ] The Paris Saint-Germain Training Center will be the club ‘s new train flat coat and sports complex. [ 115 ] [ 116 ] [ 117 ] It will replace the Camp des Loges upon its completion in June 2023. [ 118 ] [ 119 ] Owned and financed by the baseball club, the venue will bring together PSG ‘s male football, handball and judo teams, american samoa well as the football and handball academies. [ 115 ] [ 118 ] The club, however, will remain closely linked to their historic birthplace in Saint-Germain-en-Laye as the Camp des Loges will become the discipline prime of the female football team and academy. [ 120 ] [ 121 ]
Paris Saint-Germain is the most popular football club in France and one of the most widely supported teams in the earth. [ 122 ] [ 123 ] Famous PSG fans include Nicolas Sarkozy, Tony Parker, Tom Brady, Patrick Dempsey, Victoria Azarenka, Teddy Riner and DJ Snake. [ 124 ] Lacking a big passionate fanbase, the golf club began offering cheaper season tickets to new supporters in 1976. [ 83 ] [ 125 ] [ 126 ] These fans were placed in the Kop K, located in the K section of the Borelli point of view at the Parc des Princes. [ 126 ] [ 127 ] Following an increase in tag prices, Kop K supporters moved to the Boulogne digest in 1978, and the Kop of Boulogne ( KoB ) was born. [ 126 ] [ 128 ] There, the club ‘s first Italian-style extremist group, Boulogne Boys, was founded in 1985. [ 128 ] other KoB groups, however, took british hooligans as doubtful character models and violence quickly escalated. [ 125 ] PSG supporters ‘ groups have been linked to football vandalism always since. [ 128 ] PSG owners Canal+ responded in 1991 by encouraging and financing non-violent fans of the KoB point of view to take target in the Auteuil stand at the other end of the Parc des Princes. The Virage Auteuil was born, aboard Supras Auteuil, its most ill-famed ultras. [ 129 ] At first the measure worked but, slowly, a violent competition arose between the two stands. [ 129 ] [ 130 ] Things came to a pass in 2010 before a couple against Olympique de Marseille in Paris. Boulogne fan Yann Lorence was killed following a competitiveness between groups from both stands outside the Parc des Princes, forcing PSG president Robin Leproux to take action. [ 131 ] [ 132 ] The cabaret exiled the supporters ‘ groups from the Parc des Princes and banned them from all PSG matches in what was known as plan Leproux. [ 131 ] [ 132 ] It made PSG pay the price in terms of air, with one of Europe ‘s most fear venues now subdued. [ 130 ] [ 132 ] For their contribution, erstwhile Virage Auteuil supporters formed the Collectif Ultras Paris ( CUP ) in February 2016, with the aim of reclaiming their place at the stadium. [ 133 ] In October 2016, after a six-year absence, the club agreed to their return. [ 132 ] Grouped in the Auteuil end of the stadium, the CUP presently is the only extremist association formally recognized by PSG. [ 132 ] [ 134 ] The extremist drift has besides started to come back to life in the Boulogne stand. New groups Block Parisii, Paname Rebirth and Résistance Parisienne are trying to convince the club of relaunching the Kop of Boulogne. [ 135 ]
Paris Saint-Germain shares an intense competition with Olympique de Marseille ; matches between the two teams are referred to as Le Classique. [ 136 ] Equivalent to Spain ‘s El Clásico, [ 137 ] the regular is the biggest competition in France and one of the greatest in the worldly concern. [ 138 ] [ 139 ] The level of animosity is such that it extends outside of the pitch. Both sets of fans have been clashing against each other about since the very first encounters between the two sides. [ 140 ] [ 141 ] The couple are the two most successful clubs in french football history and the merely two french teams to have won major european trophies. furthermore, PSG and OM were the prevailing forces in the land prior to the emergence of Olympique Lyonnais in the 2000s. [ 136 ] They are besides the two most popular clubs in France and the two most followed french teams outside the country, ahead of Lyon. [ 122 ] [ 123 ] [ 140 ] Both clubs are at or near the top of the attendance lists every season adenine well. [ 140 ] In their early meetings during the 1970s there was little indication the two would become deadly adversaries. The newly formed Parisians were trying to assemble a competitive team, while the Olympians were Ligue 1 contenders. It all changed in 1986, when PSG won its beginning championship and OM were bought by Bernard Tapie. [ 142 ] By the end of the decade, PSG were fighting for the 1988–89 title against Tapie ‘s star-studded Marseille, and sparks flew for the first prison term. [ 140 ] [ 22 ] The accusations made by PSG president Francis Borelli against Tapie and OM for fixing matches during that season were a big subscriber to their growing antagonism. [ 33 ] The 1990s were the real starting point of the competition, though. french television channel Canal+ bought PSG in 1991 with the drive of breaking Marseille ‘s hegemony, but agreed with Tapie to fuel the animosity between them as a manner to spice up the league. [ 140 ] [ 22 ] now with similar fiscal ability, PSG and OM established themselves as crown contenders in the entitle race. [ 143 ] Both sides were less successful in the late 1990s and throughout the 2000s, but the competition remained just as fierce. [ 142 ] [ 143 ] however, since the 2010s, the match-up has been completely dominated by PSG. The investment of their mega-rich qatar owners has created a wide gap between them and Marseille. [ 143 ]
possession and finances
swedish striker Zlatan Ibrahimović ( center ) became the club ‘s first high-profile sign in 2012. During its inaugural three years of being, Paris Saint-Germain was fan-owned and had 20,000 socios. [ 1 ] [ 125 ] The baseball club was run by control panel members Guy Crescent, Pierre-Étienne Guyot and Henri Patrelle. [ 4 ] [ 125 ] A group of affluent french businessmen, led by Daniel Hechter and Francis Borelli, would then buy the clubhouse in 1973. [ 3 ] PSG changed hands in 1991, when Canal+ took over, and then again in 2006 with the arrival of Colony Capital. [ 5 ] Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, has been PSG ‘s owner since 2011 through state-run shareholding arrangement Qatar Sports Investments ( QSI ). [ 144 ] A auxiliary of Qatar ‘s sovereign wealth fund Qatar Investment Authority ( QIA ), QSI became the club ‘s majority shareholders in June 2011 and sole shareholders in March 2012. [ 5 ] [ 144 ] [ 145 ] This means PSG are a state-owned club, the only of its kind, and therefore one of the richest teams in the world. [ 34 ] [ 146 ] [ 147 ] QSI chair Nasser Al-Khelaifi has been PSG president since the coup d’etat. [ 148 ] Al Thani, however, has the concluding password on every major decision of the golf club. [ 149 ] He is both the president of the QIA and the founder of QSI. [ 150 ] Upon its arrival, QSI pledged to form a team capable of winning the UEFA Champions League and making the club France ‘s biggest name. [ 9 ] PSG have spent over €1.3bn on actor transfers since the summer of 2011. [ 42 ] These massive expenditures have translated in PSG ‘s domination of french football but have not yet brought home the covet Champions League trophy arsenic well as causing problems with UEFA ‘s Financial Fair Play regulations. [ 41 ] [ 148 ] [ 151 ] As of the 2019–20 season, PSG have the seventh-highest tax income in the footballing world with an annual employee turnover of €541m according to Deloitte, and are the worldly concern ‘s one-ninth most valuable football baseball club, worth $ 2.5bn according to Forbes magazine. [ 152 ] [ 153 ] PSG ‘s strong fiscal position has been sustained by the club ‘s Qatari owners ; [ 154 ] the team ‘s on-pitch success ; [ 41 ] high-profile signings like Zlatan Ibrahimović, David Beckham, Neymar, Kylian Mbappé and Lionel Messi ; [ 42 ] and lucrative sponsorship deals with the Qatar Tourism Authority, Nike, Accor and Air Jordan. [ 154 ] [ 155 ] Throughout their history, though, PSG have rarely been profitable. [ 156 ] Prior to the Qatar buyout, the club ‘s accumulative losses amounted to €300m. [ 156 ] [ 157 ]
- As of the end of the 2020–21 Ligue 1 season.
Paris Saint-Germain holds many records, [ 158 ] most notably being the most successful french club in history in terms of official titles won, with 45. [ 1 ] [ 32 ] Domestically, PSG have clinched nine Ligue 1 championships, a record fourteen Coupe de France, a record nine Coupe de la Ligue, a record ten-spot Trophée des Champions and one Ligue 2 title. In external club football, they have claimed one UEFA Cup Winners ‘ Cup and one UEFA Intertoto Cup. [ 32 ] Additionally, PSG have won 25 unofficial titles. [ 159 ] [ 160 ] [ 161 ] [ 162 ] Their victory in the 1995–96 UEFA Cup Winners ‘ Cup makes PSG the exclusive french side to have won this trophy a well as one of only two french clubs to have won a major european rival and the youngest european team to do indeed. [ 29 ] [ 163 ] The Parisians are besides the club with the most consecutive seasons in the top-flight ( 47 seasons in Ligue 1 since 1974–75 ). [ 164 ] Furthermore, PSG are the lone slope to have won the Coupe de France without conceding a single goal ( 1992–93 and 2016–17 ), [ 165 ] five Coupe de la Ligue in a row ( 2014–2018 ), [ 166 ] four back-to-back Coupe de France ( 2015–2018 ), [ 167 ] and eight back-to-back Trophée des Champions ( 2013–2020 ). [ 168 ] PSG have won all four home titles in a individual season on four occasions. This feat is known as the domestic quadruple. The Red and Blues have completed the domestic double, the league and league cup doubling, the domestic cup double and the domestic soprano several times a well. Therefore, PSG are the club with the most domestic doubles and league and league cup doubles, and the entirely team to have won the domestic cup double over, the domestic triple and the domestic quadruple. [ 32 ] [ 169 ] [ 170 ]
Doubles and trebles
- As of 7 October 2021.
First-team police squad
note : Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality .
Out on loanword
note : Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality .
youth players under narrow
eminence : Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality .
Staff and management
- As of 12 July 2021.
Club performance coordinator
Chief medical doctor
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