Football league
The Primera División de México ( besides known as the Liga MX and formally known as Liga BBVA MX for sponsorship reasons with BBVA through its Mexican subordinate BBVA México ), [ 7 ] is the top professional football division of the Mexican football league organization. Administered by the Mexican Football Federation, the league comprises 18 clubs with plans to add 2 more teams. The temper has two tournaments : Apertura, which starts in the summer, and Clausura, which starts in the winter. The first 4 teams in the table at the conclusion of the regular phase of the tournament qualify directly to the liguilla ( “ mini-league ”, or “ playoff ” ), while the adjacent 8 teams qualify for the qualify polish that determines the next 4 liguilla spots. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of the Americas. According to the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, the league presently ranks 20th global [ 8 ] and was ranked as the tenth strongest league in the first gear ten of the twenty-first century ( 2001–2010 ). [ 9 ] According to CONCACAF, the league – with an modal attendance of 25,557 during the 2014–15 season – draws the largest crowd on modal of any football league in the Americas and the third largest crowd of any professional sports league in North America, behind only the National Football League and Major League Baseball, and ahead of the Canadian Football League. [ 10 ] It is besides the fourth most attend football league in the world behind Germany ‘s Bundesliga, England ‘s Premier League and Spain ‘s La Liga. [ 11 ] Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América has won the deed 13 times, followed by Guadalajara ( 12 ), Toluca ( 10 ), Cruz Azul ( 9 ), León ( 8 ), UANL and UNAM ( 7 ). The stream league champions are Atlas, winners of the Apertura 2021 tournament.

history [edit ]

Amateur era [edit ]

anterior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national football league in Mexico, and football competitions were held within relatively humble geographic regions. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a local anesthetic league consist of teams near and around Mexico City, was regarded as the then national contest although there were other regional leagues, such as in Veracruz, the Jalisco and the Bajío that had talented clubs. many baseball club owners were cutting to remain amateur although they paid players under the table. The increasing interest in football would not thwart a unite professional football system in Mexico. The professional national league was established in 1943. [ 12 ]

Professional earned run average [edit ]

The Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación ( F.M.F. ) announcement of the nation ‘s first master league brought sake from many clubs to join. The F.M.F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor ( Major League ). The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, two clubs from the Liga Occidental, and two from the Liga Veracruzana .

Founding members [edit ]

Primera Fuerza: América, Asturias, Atlante, Veracruz, Necaxa, and Marte.
Liga Occidental De Jalisco: Atlas and Guadalajara.
Liga Amateur de Veracruz: ADO and Moctezuma.

reclamation [edit ]

Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, many modest clubs faced economic difficulties which were attributed to the miss of international competition by Mexico ‘s clubs and an unrewarding league format. consequently, teams from Mexico that placed high in the league standings could not afford to participate in the overarch continental competitions, such as the Copa Libertadores .

The Mexican league smash [edit ]

The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a distinguished scale. The temper following the FIFA World Cup, the F.M.F. changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national supporter. This was done to regenerate matter to and honor teams that placed fairly high in the standings. The play-off, called the Liguilla, was played using assorted formats to determine the champion. The most park format was a straightaway knock-out between the peak eight teams in the table. At other times the league was divided into groups with the top two in each group, much deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the best 3rd place teams, qualifying for the play-offs and in some seasons the play-offs themselves imply teams playing in groups with the group winners playing off for the title.. The format was changed from season to season to accommodate external club commitments and the schedule of the Mexico national team. The change in the rules affected teams that traditionally dominated the postpone, as talented teams that had not performed good in the even season were able to perform successfully in the play-offs ( Cruz Azul in the 1970s, América in the 1980s, and Toluca in the 2000s ) .

Liga MX [edit ]

prior to the start of the 2012–13 season, the constitution Liga MX / Ascenso MX was created to replace the Mexican Football Federation as the organizing body of the competition. The league besides announced a rebranding, with the introduction of a newly logo. [ 13 ] On 20 August 2018, it was announced that Liga MX would begin testing the practice of video assistant referee engineering. [ 14 ] The initial test run will be conducted during under-20 matches played inside senior league stadiums, with live testing across elder Liga MX matches to take rate during weeks 13 and 14 of the Apertura tournament. The league will, however, still need final approval from FIFA to in full implement the technology. [ 15 ]

competition format [edit ]

regular season tournaments [edit ]

Liga MX Trophy Liga MX uses a single mesa of 18 teams that play two annual tournaments resulting in two champions per temper. The season opens with the apertura tournament ( opening tournament- run from July to December ) followed by the clausura ( closing – running from January to May ). This format matches other latin american schedules and match with FIFA ‘s populace footballing calendar, which “ opens ” in July/August and “ closes ” in April/May of the next year. The top eight teams advancement to the liguilla for each tournament. If one of those teams is in last plaza in the league ‘s delegating table ( see below ), that team is replaced by the team that finished one-ninth in the tournament. From 1996 to 2002, the league followed a two-tournament schedule with invierno ( winter ) and verano ( summer ) tournaments but from 2002 to 2011 the 18 teams were divided into three groups of six with the top two teams from each group and the two best third base identify teams qualified for the liguilla. The teams played in the lapp group for each tournament. The qualification phase of the tournament lasted 17 weeks, with all teams playing each other once per tournament in a home and aside series over both tournaments .

Playoffs ( liguilla ) [edit ]

The liguilla ( spanish for “ short league ” ) is the play-off phase of the tournament. This phase starts with eight qualifying teams playing two-legged ties with the achiever on aggregate-score progress. The Champion team is awarded the First part trophy, and the smuggler up is awarded a smaller version of the trophy. The parturition of La liguilla in 1970 modernized the league despite the disagreements between the traditionalists and the modernists. Clubs that were near bankruptcy were nowadays better able to compete and generate profits .

delegating [edit ]

originally at the end of a temper, after the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, one team is relegated to the adjacent lower division, Ascenso MX, and one team from that part is promoted and takes the place left open by the relegate team. presently, the banish team is determined by computing the points-per-game-played proportion for each team, considering all the games played by the team during the last three seasons ( six tournaments ). The team with the lowest proportion is relegated ; if the team that is in concluding place in the delegating mesa is among the eight teams qualifying for the Liguilla at the end of the Clausura tournament, the ninth-place team qualifies for the Liguilla alternatively. For teams recently promoted, only the games played since their forwarding are considered ( two or four tournaments ). The team promoted from Ascenso MX is the achiever of a two-leg pit between the champions of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments of that division. If a team becomes the champion in both tournaments, it is automatically promoted. anterior to the start of the 2017–18 season, the rules for relegation and promotion changed : if a team wins promotion but does not meet sealed Liga MX requirements ( e.g. stadium infrastructure and a young team ) the relegated Liga MX team of that season will be obligated to pay the prize money to the Ascenso MX team ( MXN $ 120 million ) for winning the promotion playoff, which should be utilized to fulfill necessary requirements for forwarding within the next season, and remain in Ascenso MX, [ 16 ] and the demote Liga MX team will remain in the beginning division. however, if the relegated Liga MX team can not distribute the pry money to the promoted Ascenso MX team, both teams will lose their right to play in Liga MX and must play in Ascenso MX the follow season. [ 17 ] As of the 2018–19 season, lone six teams meet full requirements to be promoted to Liga MX, those teams being Atlético San Luis, Atlante, Celaya, Juárez, Sinaloa, and UdeG. [ 18 ] On April 16, 2020, the Ascenso MX, the 2nd division of the Mexican football league system, was folded ascribable to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic vitamin a well as the lack of fiscal resources. Liga MX President Enrique Bonilla late announced during a video recording suffer with the club owners of the league that promotion and delegating would be suspended for five years. [ 19 ] [ 20 ] During the suspension, the Ascenso MX was replaced with the Liga de Expansión MX although no club from that league will be promoted to the Liga MX nor any Liga MX team that performs ill will be relegated from the Liga MX for the time being. [ 21 ]

CONCACAF Champions League qualification [edit ]

Each class, four teams from Liga MX modify for the CONCACAF Champions League, the premier north american english club competition. Generally, the Apertura and Clausura champions and the Apertura and Clausura runner-up qualify and are placed in Pot 3. Should one or more teams reach the finals of both tournaments, Liga MX has implemented a convention for ensuring that two teams that qualify via the Apertura and two teams qualify via the Clausura : [ 22 ]

  • If the same two teams qualify for the finals of both tournaments, those two teams will qualify along with the non-finalists with the best record in both the Apertura and Clausura.
  • If the same team wins both the Apertura and the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura champions is passed to the Clausura runners-up and the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with the best record in the Clausura. This occurred most recently in the 2013–14 season (2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League) when León (2013 Apertura and 2014 Clausura champions) and Pachuca (2014 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot A, while América (2013 Apertura runners-up) and Cruz Azul (non-finalists with the best record in the 2014 Clausura) were placed in Pot B (at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura runners-up win the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Apertura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with the best record in the Apertura. This occurred most recently in the 2011–12 season (2012–13 CONCACAF Champions League) when UANL (2011 Apertura champions) and Santos Laguna (2011 Apertura runners-up and 2012 Clausura champions) were placed in Pot A, while Guadalajara (non-finalists with the best record in the 2011 Apertura) and Monterrey (2012 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot B (again, at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura champions are runners-up of the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with the best record in the Clausura. This has not happened since Liga MX began using this qualification procedure.

former qualification Tournaments [edit ]

Clubs and champions [edit ]

2021–22 season [edit ]

The following 18 clubs will compete in the Liga MX during the 2021–22 season .

Team Position in
First season in
top division
in top
First season of
current spell in
top division
in Liga MX
Last top
division title
América 4 1943–44 103 1943–44 103 13 Apertura 2018
Atlas 17 1943–44 100 1979–80 66 2 Apertura 2021
Atlético San Luis 13 2019–20 2 2019–20 2 0
Cruz Azul 1 1964–65 82 1964–65 82 9 Guardianes 2021
Guadalajara 5 1943–44 103 1943–44 103 12 Clausura 2017
Juárez 8 2019–20 2 2019–20 2 0
León 2 1944–45 79 2012–13 16 8 Guardianes 2020
Mazatlán Not Established 2020–21 0 2020–21 0 0
Monterrey 18 1945–46 88 1960–61 86 5 Apertura 2019
Necaxa 14 1951-52 73 2016–17 8 3 Invierno 1998
Pachuca 11 1967–68 54 1998–99 44 6 Clausura 2016
Puebla 10 1944–45 83 2007–08 26 2 1989/90
Querétaro 12 1990–91 32 2009–10 22 0
Santos Laguna 3 1988–89 56 1988–89 56 6 Clausura 2018
Tijuana 16 2011–12 18 2011–12 18 1 Apertura 2012
Toluca 15 1953–54 94 1953–54 94 10 Bicentenario 2010
UANL 7 1974–75 69 1997–98 46 7 Clausura 2019
UNAM 6 1962–63 84 1962–63 84 7 Clausura 2011

Champions [edit ]

* Teams presently in the Liga de Expansión MX
** Teams presently in the Liga Premier
*** Teams presently in the Amateur Levels
**** Dissolved teams

Stadiums and locations [edit ]

Liga MX is located in Greater Mexico CityAmérica Cruz AzulAmérica
Cruz AzulUNAMUNAM location of the 2020–21 Liga MX teams in Greater Mexico City

Media coverage [edit ]

All First Division clubs have the right to sell their own broadcast rights. Televisa, television receiver Azteca, Imagen Televisión, Claro Sports, Fox Sports, and ESPN have broadcasting rights in México, while ESPN Deportes, Fox Deportes, Univision, and Telemundo have the rights in the United States, with FS1 / FS2 airing blue-ribbon matches with English comment. In previous years, when a team was relegated, the team that was promoted could entirely negotiate with the company holding the television rights of the relegate team. This agreement was canceled by Liga MX in 2012 when the promotion of Club León caused a television receiver rights dispute with Televisa. [ 40 ] presently, Club León matches are broadcast in Mexico by Fox Sports and other on-line media sites, and in the United States by Univision ( Telemundo from 2013–16 ). [ 41 ] Telelatino and Fox Sports World once hold broadcasting rights in Canada. From 2019–20 until 2021–22, OneSoccer broadcast the league for Canada viewers. [ 42 ] [ 43 ] Fox Sports is the only network that holds rights to broadcast selected matches in United States and South America. additionally, Televisa-owned networks Sky Sports and TUDN hold single broadcast rights over selected matches throughout the regular season, although the majority of the most significant ones are broadcast alive on the national networks. The coverage besides available for Central America viewers. Most of the Saturday afternoon and evening matches broadcast by Televisa are shown chiefly on Gala television, though Saturday games played by Televisa ‘s club America, are broadcast on Televisa ‘s flagship network, Canal de las Estrellas. however, a amnesia policy is normally applied in selected markets where affiliates are forced to air alternate program during the matches, Sunday noon and good afternoon games broadcast by Televisa are shown on Canal de las Estrellas. All of the games broadcast by television receiver Azteca on Saturday and Sunday are shown on Azteca 13 ; Friday ‘s matches however are shown on Azteca 7. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday ( known in Mexico as Fecha Doble or Double Date ) matches picked by the national networks are shown on Canal 5 and Azteca 7 and the remainder of the matches air out on Sky Sports and TDN. A late rule, in impression since 2011, requires teams to play the final examination bet on of every season on Sunday during prime fourth dimension, careless of whether the team used to play local anesthetic games in another timeslot, in order to capture more television receiver hearing during the game. For the Apertura 2016, and the majority of the Clausura 2017, Guadalajara home matches in Mexico were not shown on over-the-air television or cable and satellite operators. rather, they were entirely shown on an internet streaming servicing called Chivas TV. As of April 8, 2017, the matches are shown on both Televisa ‘s Televisa Deportes Network ( TDN ) and Chivas TV. On February 13, 2017, it was announced Univision Deportes would live flow 46 games in English on Facebook in the United States. [ 44 ] After the Clausura 2017 season, Azteca América sold the rights of the Atlas, Morelia, Tijuana, and Veracruz matches to Univision. The network then held the rights of 17 of the 18 clubs, only missing recently promoted Lobos BUAP. In September 2017, Univision began airing Lobos BUAP ‘s family matches, frankincense holding the rights to all 18 Liga MX teams through the end of the Clausura 2018 season. In July 2017, Televisión Nacional de Chile ( TVN ) announced it would show Liga MX matches involving chilean players in Chile. [ 45 ] In October 2017, Fox Sports announced that it acquired the long-run exclusive Spanish-language rights to Tijuana and Santos Laguna home matches in the United States, Mexico, and the rest of Latin America starting in the Apertura 2018 and Apertura 2019 respectively, thus ending Univision ‘s monopoly. [ 46 ] The matches vent on Fox Sports in the United States ( via Fox Deportes ) and the stay of Latin America ( including Mexico and excluding Brazil ). [ 46 ] On May 26, 2018, Fox Sports announced it acquired the rights of C.F. Monterrey ‘s home matches in the United States and Latin America. [ 47 ] The network announced the matches would be shown in the United States on Fox Deportes in spanish a well as the Fox Sports class of networks in English. [ 47 ] As of the Apertura 2019 season, via a sublicense agreement with Univision, ESPN Deportes airs the majority of León, Necaxa, Pachuca, Querétaro, and UANL regular season home matches in the United States. The network besides airs at least one home match of nine other clubs. [ 48 ] Televisa besides sublicenses one match per week to ESPN in Mexico and Central America. [ 49 ] In Brazil, DAZN broadcast the league for two seasons 2019–20 and 2020–21. [ 50 ] On 16 August, 2021, Eleven Sports announced it would broadcast the home Liga MX matches of C.D. Guadalajara for the 2021-22 season in more than 100 countries. [ 51 ]

television home matches broadcast rights [edit ]

BBVA México is the league’s current title sponsor after the 2019 rebranding of BBVA Bancomer. up until its rebranding in 2012, the Liga MX did not have a style patron. In July 2013, league president Decio de María announced BBVA Bancomer as the official patronize, with the goal of modernizing the league ‘s picture. De María besides stated that the money generated from the sponsorship would be divided among the 18 clubs and to be invested in each club ‘s young person teams. [ 57 ] On 18 September 2015, the sponsorship deal was extended until 2019. [ 58 ] On 18 June 2019, the league was renamed as Liga BBVA MX, adopting the new identity of the patronize. [ 59 ] On 4 July 2019, the sponsorship contract with BBVA was renewed until 2021. [ 60 ] Since 1986, Voit has been the official meet ball manufacturer. In 2014, the contract was extended for four years. [ 61 ]

Managers [edit ]

The current managers in the Liga MX are :

actor records [edit ]

Most appearances [edit ]

Most goals [edit ]

promotion and delegating [edit ]

Notes :

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

Media related to Liga MX at Wikimedia Commons