football competition between the national football teams of England and Scotland

England–Scotland football rivalry
England v scotland 1872 ad.jpg Newspaper ad for the first gear always international football match
Location Europe (UEFA)
Teams  England
First meeting 30 November 1872
(SCO 0–0 ENG)
Latest meeting 18 June 2021
(ENG 0–0 SCO)
Next meeting TBD
Meetings total 115
Most wins England (48)
All-time series (none-international fixture only) 48–41–26 (England)
Largest victory ENG 9–3 SCO
(15 April 1961)

The England–Scotland football rivalry, between the England and Scotland national football teams, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] is the oldest international fastness in the world, beginning played in 1872 at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow. scots patriotism has been a factor in the Scots ‘ hope to defeat England above all other rivals, with scots sports journalists traditionally referring to the English as the “ Auld Enemy ”. [ 3 ]

The competition has diminished reasonably since the late 1970s, peculiarly since annual fixtures stopped in 1989. For England, games against Germany and Argentina are nowadays considered to be more significant than the historic competition with Scotland. [ 4 ] BBC Online commented that the games “ have represented all that is good and all that is bad about football since the fastness began, ” [ 1 ] while The Guardian newspaper once reported that “ for millions across both sides of the edge the meet represents a casual for the ultimate victory over the enemy. ” [ 5 ] As of 2021, the teams have played 115 matches ; England have won 48, Scotland 41, and there have been 26 draws. [ 6 ]

Background and early years [edit ]

The rules of association football had been formalised and set down by The Football Association in England in 1863. [ 7 ] By 1870 C. W. Alcock, Secretary of The Football Association, issued public challenges in diverse scottish newspapers, [ 8 ] including The Glasgow Herald, to Scottish players to play an external match against England. One of the few public responses that Alcock received from Scotland stated that “ devotees of the ‘association ‘ rules will find no enemy worthy of their sword in Scotland ”. [ 9 ] Alcock ardently defended that the right to play in these matches “ was open to every Scotchman whether his lines were cast North or South of the Tweed “. [ 8 ] The first base match was described in the Glasgow Herald as “ the great international football match ” [ 10 ] and there was acceptance by the lapp newspaper in 1871 that “ both captains had been successful in the composition of elevens adequate to of efficiently representing their respective causes ”. [ 11 ] Although the five matches played between 5 March 1870 and 24 February 1872 are not presently recognised by FIFA as official, they were organised under the auspices of the FA and were described as “ international “ by The Scotsman newspaper. In 1870, Alcock had even suggested that the next external match should be held near the England-Scotland surround as an easily accessible venue for both teams, [ 8 ] but this did not receive a answer. Requests for Scotland-based players to partake were issued for each of these five matches, for model in November 1870 :

any Scotch players who may be desirous of assisting their area … may communicate with Messrs A F Kinnaird. [ 12 ]

The matches are luminary not good for being the first international matches, but besides for illustrating emerging team play tactics. For model, in the November 1870 match onlookers were treated to a catch with “ many scientific points “ [ 13 ] and in 1871 players ( including Alcock ) are noted to have been “ acting in concert “, leading to a goal ” [ 14 ]

England v Scotland 1870–72: scores and results list Scotland’s goal tally first.

In 1872 a challenge match was agreed with the Glasgow team Queen ‘s Park, who would represent Scotland. The FA ‘s minutes of 3 October 1872 note that :

In club to further the interests of the Association in Scotland, it was decided that during the current season, a team should be sent to Glasgow to play a match vanadium Scotland .

In April 1879, England beat Scotland 5–4 at The egg-shaped According to The Scotsman newspaper of 2 December 1872, there were alone about ten football clubs in Scotland. These early international matches helped to increase the popularity of affiliation football in Scotland. [ 15 ] The first official match was held on 30 November 1872, on Scotland ‘s national saint ‘s day, St. Andrew ‘s Day, and it took target at Hamilton Crescent in Partick, home of the West of Scotland Cricket Club. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] The Scotland team was made up entirely of players from Queen ‘s Park, [ 16 ] the most successful scottish golf club of the period. [ 17 ] The game ended a 0–0 draw, watched by a crowd of 4000 who had paid a shilling each for entrance fee. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] The first goal between the two sides was scored by England ‘s William Kenyon-Slaney [ 18 ] in the future game at The Oval, the first official match between the two in England, which the English won 4–2 on 8 March 1873. [ 15 ] Following this, the game became an annual consequence, being held in England or Scotland in alternate years. [ 15 ] Scotland took their first win in the regular in the 1874 game, again played at Hamilton Crescent, where they defeated England 2–1. [ 19 ] Later in the 1870s Scotland won the fastness three times in a row, including a 7–2 victory in the 1878 game. [ 15 ]

celebrated matches in the annual series [edit ]

From the first match in deep 1872, England and Scotland played each early in the give of every year ( except during World War I and World War II ) until 1989. From 1884 until 1984, the catch was the highlight of the annual british Home Championship played between England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. [ note 1 ] Due to the capacity of Hampden Park in the period, the regular drew some of the largest always football herd, including the enduring european record attendance of 149,415 in 1937 ( even though there was short to play for in that match : Wales had already won the series ). [ 20 ] After the british Home Championship ended in 1984, the annual England volt Scotland repair continued in the form of the Rous Cup until 1989. The merely exception to this practice of annual fixtures in the spring was in 1973, when there were two games. The first game that year was a friendly match that marked the centennial of the Scottish Football Association. There were besides two fixtures staged in 1902, but this was because the first game had to be abandoned due to the first Ibrox calamity. The british Home Championship besides acted as qualifiers for three major tournaments – the 1950 World Cup, the 1954 World Cup and the 1968 european Championship .

1928 [edit ]

The 1928 Scotland team which defeated England 5–1 at Wembley was nicknamed the Wembley Wizards. [ 16 ] The pit had an strange background ; England and Scotland were the two traditionally dominant countries in the british Home Championship, even neither slope had managed to beat either Ireland or Wales in their first two games of that year ‘s Championship .

Match drumhead [edit ]

1961 [edit ]

The game played in 1961 go steady Scotland suffer their heaviest get the better of in the fixture. The performance of Scotland goalkeeper Frank Haffey contributed towards the English pigeonhole of bad scottish goalkeepers. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] England players Jimmy Armfield and Johnny Haynes insisted that the resultant role was more due to the choice of their ahead play, and that Haffey could not have done much else to prevent most of the goals. [ 23 ]

Match drumhead [edit ]

1967 [edit ]

England had won the 1966 FIFA World Cup at Wembley less than a year before the 1967 crippled, and were undefeated in 19 games. [ 16 ] [ 24 ] Despite fielding four of the Celtic side that went on to win the european Cup a calendar month later and stars such as Denis Law, Jim Baxter and Billy Bremner, Scotland were massive underdog going into the match. [ 16 ] Scotland took an early run through a finish by Law, and Bobby Lennox put Scotland 2–0 up with barely 12 minutes remaining. [ 16 ] England were slightly hampered by the fact that Jack Charlton suffered an injury early in the game. [ 16 ] [ 24 ] England coach Alf Ramsey was unable to substitute Charlton and therefore decided to use him in the unfamiliar role of center ahead. [ 16 ] [ 24 ] Ironically, Charlton scored England ‘s first goal. [ 16 ] Scotland soon reestablished a two-goal go, however, with Jim McCalliog making the score 3–1. [ 16 ] Geoff Hurst scored a recently goal to make the final score 3–2 to Scotland. [ 16 ] Baxter played “ keepie uppie “ as Scotland toyed with their opponents late in the plot. [ 16 ] [ 24 ] [ 25 ] The Scots playfully claimed afterwards that the victory made them unofficial populace champions. [ 16 ] ultimately, however, it was England who qualified for the 1968 european Championship because of results in the other matches. [ 24 ] [ 26 ]

Match compendious [edit ]

1977 [edit ]

At the end of the 1977 match, the scots fans invaded the pitch, ripping up boastfully sections of it and tearing down the goalposts. [ 27 ] The match itself was a exuberate for the fresh Scotland coach Ally MacLeod and contributed to the common sense of optimism that built towards Scotland ‘s participation in the 1978 FIFA World Cup. Gordon McQueen opened the scoring late in the first one-half with a herculean header from a crossbreed free-kick from the left-hand side. Kenny Dalglish doubled Scotland ‘s advantage with a scramble effort, before England scored a deep consolation goal from a penalty gripe taken by Mick Channon. The defeat hastened the end of Don Revie ‘s tenure as England coach .

Match drumhead [edit ]

Matches since the end of the annual serial [edit ]

1996 european championship [edit ]

In December 1995, despite media rumours that UEFA would intentionally keep the two apart in the tie, [ 28 ] England and Scotland were both drawn in the lapp group for the forthcoming european Championship, to be hosted by England in the summer of 1996. This draw excited much comment and anticipation in the build-up to the championship, particularly as it would be the first suffer between the two sides for seven years, and tickets for the bet on sold out within two days of the draw being made. [ 29 ] The pit assumed tied greater meaning for both teams when both England and Scotland drew their open fixtures, against Switzerland and the Netherlands respectively, meaning both were even more in need of a winnings to further their chances of progressing in the tournament. The match was played at Wembley Stadium on Saturday 15 June 1996. Before the crippled, Scotland ‘s national hymn, Flower of Scotland, was completely drowned out by booing from english spectators. [ 30 ] The first half was closely crusade, ending 0–0, although Scotland had the better of the chances. [ 31 ] The insertion of Jamie Redknapp into the England team as a substitute for the second half helped to turn the equal in England ‘s party favor, [ 32 ] [ 33 ] and they took the spark advance through a headed goal by Alan Shearer. [ 32 ] Scotland were awarded a penalty kick in the 76th minute after a filthy by Tony Adams on Gordon Durie, but Gary McAllister ‘s kick was saved by the England goalkeeper David Seaman. [ 33 ] shortly afterwards, Paul Gascoigne, who played in Scotland for the Glasgow golf club Rangers, scored a second finish for England, after chipping the ball over scots defender Colin Hendry. [ 34 ] In 2006, the year before he became Prime Minister, Gordon Brown drew criticism in Scotland when he was reported as saying that Gascoigne ‘s goal was one of his favorite moments in football, [ 35 ] although Brown subsequently denied saying this. [ 36 ] Scotland finally went out of the backing on score goals, but would have proceeded beyond the first rung of a tournament for the first base time in their history had England not conceded a deep goal in their 4–1 frustration of the Netherlands in their future game. The Guardian newspaper belated commented that “ England fans ‘ rejoice was complete when Patrick Kluivert stole a late goal for the Dutch team – and thereby deprived Scotland of a space in the quarter-finals ”. [ 37 ]

2000 european Championship play-off [edit ]

The Euro 96 game had encouraged some to call for the resumption of regular matches between the two, but this did not happen. [ 38 ] The teams did not meet again until three years late, in 1999, when they were again drawn together in the european Championship ; this time in a modify play-off for the 2000 tournament, after both teams had finished as runner-up in their respective modification groups. [ 39 ] The link took locate over two legs, the beginning in Scotland at Hampden Park on Saturday 13 November 1999, with the return key branch at Wembley four days late. The first leg was the first match contested by the two sides in Scotland for ten years. England won that match 2–0, with both goals scored by Paul Scholes. [ 40 ] There was crowd trouble oneself following the game, and 51 people were arrested in the city center of Glasgow after battles between fans. [ 41 ] Scotland had the better of the irregular match, winning 1–0 with a finish from Don Hutchison and coming close to a moment goal, but England progressed to the finals of the tournament, winning 2–1 on aggregate. [ 42 ]

August 2013 and November 2014 friendlies [edit ]

In the early twenty-first hundred there were suggestions that the british Home Championship should be restored to the schedule, or at least for the England vanadium Scotland fixture to be played more regularly. [ 43 ] [ 44 ] There was some guess that England would invite Scotland to be their first opponents when Wembley Stadium was re-opened in 2007, [ 45 ] but this did not happen. There was far talk of organising a one-off England five Scotland match at the end of the 2007–08 season, [ 46 ] but the Scotland director George Burley was opposed to this timing and the match was not arranged. [ 47 ] On 16 June 2012, The Football Association announced that England would play Scotland in August 2013 as contribution of their hundred-and-fiftieth anniversary celebrations. [ 48 ] England won an harbor friendly fixture by 3–2, after Scotland had twice taken an early conduct. [ 49 ]

It was announced in July 2014 that a return match would be played at Celtic Park on 18 November 2014, as an choice for a return match had been included in the contract for the August 2013 friendly. [ 50 ] Wayne Rooney scored twice in a 3–1 victory for England. [ 51 ] [ 52 ]

2018 World Cup qualification [edit ]

The two teams were drawn together for 2018 FIFA World Cup reservation, in UEFA Group F. [ 53 ] [ 54 ]

2020 european championship [edit ]

The teams met on 18 June 2021 at Wembley in Group D of the UEFA Euro 2020 finals, which had been delayed by the COVID-19 pandemic. [ 55 ] [ 56 ]

Records [edit ]

Scotland v England football results 1872-2018 England and Scotland have played each early more than any other state, playing 115 official matches. [ 57 ] [ 58 ] England have the better record overall in the regular, with 48 wins to Scotland ‘s 41. [ 59 ] There have been 26 draw, only four of them scoreless, with 98 years separating the foremost and second of those matches. [ 59 ] England have scored 195 goals to 171 by Scotland. [ 59 ] The record margin of victory in the repair was England ‘s 9–3 succeed in 1961, [ 59 ] while Scotland ‘s biggest victory was 7–2 in 1878. [ 59 ] The commemorate attendance of 149,415, which is besides a european record attendance, was set at Hampden Park in 1937. [ 16 ] Scotland long held an advantage in terms of wins, as they recorded ten wins in the inaugural 16 matches. Scotland, the far smaller nation in terms of population, were ranking during this period because passing football developed earlier there, as shown by the Scotch Professors who moved to play in the nascent English professional league during the late 1880s ( although those players themselves were not eligible, as Scotland refused to pick England-based Scots until 1896 ). [ 60 ] [ 61 ] Scotland were besides prevailing in the 1920s and 30s, and anterior to the second World War had 29 wins in the series to England ‘s 19. England reversed the dominance after the war : scotland have only won 12 matches since then. The Scots did win three games out of four from 1974 to 1977, but lost every early meeting in the 1970s, and have only won three times ( compared to 13 English wins ) since 1977. England pulled ahead for the first time in the history of the regular with their succeed in 1983 .

All official matches between England and Scotland [edit ]

Scores and results list Scotland’s goal tally first


England Win


Scotland Win



Club level [edit ]

deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the competition between the national sides, English and Scottish club teams have besides met on numerous occasions in the diverse european club competitions. These matches are frequently described by the media as being a “ Battle of Britain “, regardless of the clubs involved. [ 62 ] [ 63 ] [ 64 ] [ 65 ] Matches between English and Scottish club sides in the deep nineteenth century were large events, such as the meet in 1895 of English league champions Sunderland and Scottish league champions Hearts in a game grandly described as the Championship of the World. [ 66 ] The most authoritative club suffer was when Celtic and Leeds United met in the semi-final of the 1969–70 european Cup, which was the first contest to be popularly described as a “ Battle of Britain ”. [ 67 ] Celtic won the first leg at Elland Road 1–0, and the second leg was played at Hampden Park to allow a bigger crowd to attend than could be held at Celtic Park. Billy Bremner opened the scoring early on to level the sum score, but Celtic came back to win the match 2–1 and the link 3–1. [ 68 ] Rangers defeated Leeds United dwelling and off to qualify for the first base Champions League group stage in 1992–93. celtic lost on the aside goals rule to Liverpool in the 1997–98 UEFA Cup, but they beat blackburn Rovers and Liverpool on their rivulet to the 2003 UEFA Cup Final. [ 67 ] Celtic and Manchester United were drawn together doubly in the Champions League group phase in quick succession, in 2006–07 and 2008–09, [ 67 ] while Arsenal beat celtic 5–1 on sum in the 2009–10 qualifiers. Until 2007, the scots clubs held their own in meetings with English clubs, winning 13 and losing 12 of the 37 matches. [ 69 ] Since 2007, the English clubs have been unbeaten in these fixtures. [ 69 ] After a scoreless draw between Manchester United and Rangers in the 2010–11 Champions League, The Daily Telegraph reporter Roddy Forsyth commented that the growing fiscal disparity between the two leagues was reflected in a below capacity attendance at Old Trafford, the defensive tactics used by Rangers, and the dampen team choice by United. [ 65 ] Hearts suffered a record frustration against Tottenham in the 2011–12 UEFA Europa League, [ 70 ] [ 71 ] but performed more respectably against Liverpool in 2012–13. [ 72 ] The most holocene competitive meet of clubs from the two countries was between Aberdeen and Burnley in the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League. [ 73 ] There have besides been a issue of other competitions between English and scottish clubs. Before european rival started in 1955, the Coronation Cup was staged in 1953, to mark the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Four big clubs from each country participated in a knockout tournament, with Celtic and Hibernian defeating two english clubs each to reach the concluding, which Celtic won 2–0 at Hampden. [ 74 ] A alike rival called the Empire Exhibition Trophy was staged in 1938, with Celtic defeating Everton 1–0 in the final examination at Ibrox. [ 75 ] Back in 1902, the four-team british League Cup was staged, with both Rangers and Celtic defeating their english opponents to set up a final between them ( this was before the Old Firm term came into use ). [ 76 ] In the 1970s, American oil colossus Texaco sponsored the Texaco Cup, which was a smasher contest for clubs that had failed to qualify for the main european competitions. [ 77 ] interest in the competition soon waned, however, and Texaco withdrew their sponsorship after the 1974–75 season. [ 77 ] The rival continued for a few years in the form of the Anglo-Scottish Cup, but it was discontinued in 1981. [ 77 ]

Players and managers [edit ]

The competition between the two nations has not prevented their respective nationals from playing in each other ‘s domestic leagues, in sealed cases to high fame. Historically, the course has been for scottish players to play in the richer English league, although many english players have besides played in Scotland. many bang-up english sides have been built around scots players. The double acquire Spurs team of 1961 include Bill Brown, Dave Mackay and John White. Denis Law is the moment greatest goalscorer in the history of Manchester United. The bang-up Liverpool teams of the 1970s and 1980s were built around Kenny Dalglish, Graeme Souness and Alan Hansen, while Nottingham Forest ‘s double european Cup -winning slope included Archie Gemmill, John McGovern, John Robertson, and FWA Footballer of the Year Kenny Burns. The capital Leeds United side of the 1960s and 1970s included several capital scottish players such as Billy Bremner, Peter Lorimer and Eddie Gray. Manchester United and Liverpool became the most successful clubs in English football, largely due to the efforts of scots managers Matt Busby and Bill Shankly, respectively. In holocene times, the hang of scottish players to major english club has dried up, as the Scotland team has been less competitive at international level and the English Premier League has attracted stars from all over the universe, rather than just from the british Isles. [ 78 ] In line to this dearth of players, scots director Alex Ferguson dominated the Premier League with Manchester United until his retirement in 2013. [ 79 ] Ferguson claimed in 2010 that he had turned down approaches by the FA to manage England, partially because it would have been a “ fantastic disability ” for any Scot to manage England. [ 80 ] english managers have besides worked at scots clubs, with John Barnes and Tony Mowbray managing Celtic for short periods. There have been fewer noteworthy english players who have played in Scotland. Joe Baker was the first player to play for England without having played in the Football League, but his was an disjunct case because he played at a clock when a player was lone allowed to play for the area of his parentage. [ 81 ] Those rules have subsequently been relaxed and the sons or even grandsons of Scots are immediately allowed to play for Scotland. This means that some footballers born in England have played in and for Scotland, including Andy Goram and Stuart McCall. There was an inflow of English players to the Scottish league during the late 1980s after english clubs were banned from european competition due to the Heysel catastrophe. [ 82 ] Prominent England players including Terry Butcher, Trevor Steven, Gary Stevens, Chris Woods and Mark Hateley all moved to Rangers. During this time, Rangers had a higher upset than Manchester United and could therefore offer wages that could compare with even the biggest english clubs. [ 82 ] Since the origin of the Premier League, however, the English clubs have become wealthier than Rangers and Celtic. [ 83 ] No big England musician has played in Scotland in late years, [ when? ] although Chris Sutton and Alan Thompson played a significant part in Celtic ‘s run to the 2003 UEFA Cup Final. The most recent player to be capped by England while playing in Scotland was celtic goalkeeper Fraser Forster. [ citation needed ]

Supporters [edit ]

The competition besides manifests itself in the fact that many scottish people support England ‘s opponents [ 84 ] and frailty versa, [ 85 ] [ 86 ] despite the fact that England and Scotland are both countries of the United Kingdom. Whether Scots should support England against other national teams is routinely a count of heated argument. [ 87 ] [ 88 ] [ 89 ] Some Scotland fans spill the beans, “ Stand up if you hate England ” [ 90 ] and, “ If you hate the sleep together English, clap your hands ”, [ 91 ] while some english fans reciprocate these sentiments with, “ Stand up if you hate Scotland ” [ 92 ] and, “ I ‘d rather be a Paki than a Jock “. [ 92 ] however, the phenomenon of Scots wishing England well in external tournaments is not unknown, with a survey on the eve of the 2002 World Cup finding that one Scot in three intended to support England, while only one in six intended to support England ‘s opponents. [ 93 ] A survey before the 2010 World Cup found a more even divide, with 24 % on each side. [ 89 ] The largest group in both surveys did not offer an public opinion either way. [ 89 ] [ 93 ]

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

References [edit ]

  • Opponents, England Stats
  • National Team Archive, Scottish Football Association (Archived)